Electronic System Design & Manufacturing
India’s electronic system design and manufacturing (ESDM) industry is expected to reach $400 billion by 2022. By 2020, total production of electronics hardware in the country is expected to reach $104 billion. Communication equipment comprises 31% of the industry, followed by consumer electronics at 23%.
The ESDM industry includes subsectors such as electronic products, electronic components, semiconductor design, and electronics manufacture. Most popular products among consumers include mobile phones, flat panel display televisons, and tablets.
Videocon is a large Indian electronics company with two manufacturing plants in Mumbai and six others in the states of Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand. Videocon’s main products are televisions followed by air conditioners, washing machines and refrigerators. It is the third largest manufacturer of TVs in the world.
Despite bright predictions, the country’s ESDM sector is still small and is not able to meet the demand of the Indian consumers, projected to reach $400 billion by 2020. To fill this gap, the country imports $300 billion of electronics. To encourage the growth of the domestic industry, the Indian government implemented the National Policy on Electronics. This policy aims for revenues of $400 billion by 2020 through $100 billion of investments and employment of as many as 28 million workers. The plan also provides for foreign manufacturers opportunities to enter the sector.
Dell invested $30 million into its electronics manufacturing plant in eastern city of Sriperumbudur. It is one of the top suppliers of laptops and computers in India. When the Indian government implemented plans to further develop the industry in 2014, Dell announced its decision to expand the plant to become its manufacturing center in the country.
Korea’s Samsung Electronics is the most prominent mobile phone company in India. This company has a manufacturing plant in northern city of Noida and another in Sriperumbudur. In addition to mobile phones, these factories produce refrigerators, LED televisions, washing machines, and split air conditioners. The Noida plant was ranked number one in terms of manufacturing phones, TVs, and refrigerators for Samsung globally.
German manufacturer Bosch plays a major role in the Indian automotive electronics subsector. The company has six manufacturing plants across the country and produces train sensors, fuel delivery modules, and air management components, all of which are manufactured in India.
With strong support from the government attracting foreign investors and increasingly high consumer demand, India’s ESDM industry will only continue to grow.